Raspbian is probably the most massive linux distribution for Raspberry Pi with over 35.000 packages. Since version 2015-02-16-raspbian-wheezy works also with the Raspberry Pi 2 (model B). To create bootable mSD/SD card for RPi via Windows, you just need to use Win32DiskImager application.
During the first boot the Raspberry Pi Software Configuration Tool (raspi-config) shows up, where you set up some basic system behavior. For users with poor linux skills as me, I strongly recommend select option 3 (Enable Boot to Desktop/Scratch) and set up option “Desktop Login in as user `pi` at the graphical desktop. With this option, the OS will boot directly into graphical desktop environment and you can start using Pi as a desktop. If you skipped this step by mistake and the RPi is booting into command line, just login with default user name and password (name: pi / password: raspberry) and type into command line “sudo raspi-config” to configure the basic OS behavior. Once you`re done, hit the Finish button and you are ready to use Raspberry Pi as a desktop. Minimum is 4GB mSD/SD card. (more…)